Bleaching hair is a popular way to achieve a lighter hair color, and many people prefer to do it at home. While bleaching hair at home can save money and time, it can also be a tricky process that requires careful preparation and execution. In this article, we will cover everything you need to know about how to bleach hair at home, including the benefits and risks, the materials you will need, and the step-by-step process.
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Benefits of Bleaching Hair:
Bleaching hair can be a transformative experience that allows you to experiment with different hair colors and styles. Whether you want to go blonde, pastel, or neon, bleaching hair can help you achieve the desired look.
Additionally, bleaching hair can make it easier to apply hair dyes and achieve more vibrant colors, especially if you have dark hair. Moreover, bleaching hair can also make it easier to style, as it can add texture and volume to your hair.
Risks of Bleaching Hair:
Bleaching hair can also come with risks, particularly if it is done improperly or without proper preparation. For one, bleaching hair can damage your hair and scalp, leading to dryness, breakage, and hair loss. Additionally, if you have sensitive skin, you may experience itching, burning, or redness on your scalp or face. Moreover, if you do not follow the instructions carefully, you may end up with uneven or patchy hair color, which can be difficult to fix.
Materials You Will Need:
Before you start bleaching your hair, you will need to gather the following materials:
There are many types of hair bleach available on the market, including powder and cream formulations. You can choose the one that suits your hair type and color best.
Developer is a solution that activates the bleach and helps it lighten your hair. You will need to choose a developer that matches the strength of your hair bleach, typically 20 to 40 volumes.
You will need gloves to protect your hands from the bleach.
Mixing Bowl and Brush:
You will need a mixing bowl and brush to mix the bleach and developer and apply it to your hair.
Toner is a solution that helps neutralize brassy or yellow tones in bleached hair. You may need to use toner after bleaching your hair.
Shampoo and Conditioner:
You will need a gentle shampoo and conditioner to wash and condition your hair after bleaching.
You may need petroleum jelly to protect your skin from the bleach.
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Step-by-Step Guide to Bleaching Hair at Home:
The right materials and steps, you can achieve a beautiful and even hair color. Here is a step-by-step guide to bleaching hair at home.
Step 1: Gather Materials:
Make sure you have all the required items on hand before you start. You will need hair bleach, developer, gloves, mixing bowl and brush, hair toner, shampoo and conditioner, and petroleum jelly to protect your skin.
Step 2: Do a Strand Test:
Before applying bleach to your entire head, do a strand test to ensure you are not allergic to the bleach and to determine how long it will take to achieve your desired color. Take a small section of hair and apply the bleach and developer mixture.
Follow the instructions and rinse off after the recommended time. If the color is what you want and there are no adverse reactions, you can proceed with the full bleaching process.
Step 3: Prepare Your Hair:
Wash your hair with a gentle shampoo and do not apply any styling products. Section your hair into four parts using hair clips. Apply petroleum jelly around your hairline and ears to protect your skin from the bleach.
Step 4: Mix the Bleach and Developer:
In a mixing bowl, mix the hair bleach and developer according to the instructions. Use the brush to mix them into a smooth, even paste.
Step 5: Apply the Bleach:
Starting at the back of your head, apply the bleach mixture to one section of your hair at a time, starting from the ends and working your way up to the roots. Avoid getting bleach on your scalp as it can cause irritation. Once the section is fully coated, move on to the next section.
Step 6: Check the Color:
As the bleach begins to work, check the color every 10-15 minutes to avoid over-processing. You can do this by wiping off the bleach from a small section of hair with a damp cloth or tissue. If the color is what you want, rinse the bleach off immediately.
Step 7: Rinse and Tone:
Once the desired color is achieved, rinse the bleach off with cool water and apply hair toner according to the instructions. This will help neutralize any brassy or yellow tones in your hair.
Step 8: Wash and Condition:
Wash your hair with a gentle shampoo and condition it to restore moisture. Avoid using hot water as it can dry out your hair.
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Bleaching your hair at home can be a great way to achieve a new look, but it's important to follow these steps carefully to avoid damaging your hair or scalp.
By gathering the right materials, doing a strand test, and taking your time during the process, you can achieve a beautiful and even hair color.